Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy: Overview

Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy: Overview

Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy, also known as pelvic physiotherapy or pelvic rehabilitation, is a specialized branch of physiotherapy that focuses on the assessment and treatment of pelvic floor dysfunction. The pelvic floor is a group of muscles, ligaments, and connective tissues that provide support to the pelvic organs, including the bladder, uterus (in females), and rectum. Pelvic floor physiotherapy is designed to address various conditions and issues related to the pelvic floor muscles.

Key Components

1. Assessment:

  • A thorough assessment is conducted to understand the patient's medical history, lifestyle, and specific pelvic floor concerns.
  • Internal and external examinations may be performed to evaluate the strength, flexibility, and coordination of the pelvic floor muscles.

2. Education:

  • Patients are educated about the anatomy and function of the pelvic floor, as well as how dysfunction can lead to various symptoms.
  • Lifestyle modifications and behavioral strategies are discussed to promote pelvic floor health.

3. Pelvic Floor Exercises:

  • Tailored exercise programs are prescribed to strengthen or relax specific pelvic floor muscles, depending on the individual's needs.
  • Kegel exercises, which involve contracting and relaxing the pelvic floor muscles, are commonly recommended.

4. Biofeedback:

Biofeedback techniques may be employed to help patients gain awareness and control over their pelvic floor muscles.
Sensors are used to provide visual or auditory feedback on muscle activity during exercises.

5. Manual Therapy:

  • Hands-on techniques, such as massage and stretching, may be used to release tension and improve the flexibility of pelvic floor muscles.

6. Electrical Stimulation:

  • In some cases, electrical stimulation may be utilized to enhance muscle function and control.

7. Treatment for Specific Conditions:

  • Pelvic floor physiotherapy is beneficial for various conditions, including urinary incontinence, pelvic organ prolapse, pelvic pain, dyspareunia (painful intercourse), and postpartum recovery.

8. Preventive Care:

  • Pelvic floor physiotherapy can also be valuable for preventive care, helping individuals maintain optimal pelvic floor health throughout different life stages.

Conditions Treated:

  • Urinary incontinence (stress, urge, mixed)
  • Pelvic organ prolapse
  • Chronic pelvic pain
  • Dyspareunia
  • Pre and postpartum issues
  • Interstitial cystitis
  • Pelvic muscle spasms

Benefits of Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy:

  • Improved bladder and bowel control
  • Enhanced sexual function and comfort
  • Reduced pelvic pain and discomfort
  • Increased awareness and control of pelvic floor muscles
  • Prevention of pelvic floor issues


Pelvic Floor Physiotherapy plays a crucial role in addressing pelvic floor dysfunction and improving the quality of life for individuals dealing with various pelvic health issues. It offers a holistic approach that combines education, exercises, and therapeutic interventions to promote optimal pelvic floor function. If you are experiencing pelvic floor-related symptoms, consulting a qualified pelvic floor physiotherapist can be a crucial step towards better health and well-being.

Book a Physiotherapy Consultation Today Ella Hebron who specializes in Pelvic Floor!